Businesses close temporarily for a wide range of reasons. They might be under renovation, impacted by a natural disaster, closed for the summer, or–like now–be closed in response to a pandemic. To provide the most accurate representation of the real world through Google Maps Platform-powered experiences, we’re now making temporary closure information available through the Places API.
Armed with real time information about businesses and other locations, our customers can fulfill a variety of services with a high degree of accuracy. From food delivery, to ride sharing, to logistics, having access to the latest information about the operational status of a business can make or break the experience of our customers and their end users.
Introducing business_status in Place Search and Place Details
You can now access the operational status of a business via a new field named
business_status. This field can have three possible values:
CLOSED_PERMANENTLY. When we don’t know the operational status of a business, the
business_status field is not returned.
You can access
business_status through Place Search and Place Details requests. All calls to Nearby Search, and Text Search return most place data fields including business status if the information is available. For Find Place requests searching for a specific place, you’ll need to specify
business_status in the
fields parameter to receive that data back in the response. When you request information about a place through Place Details directly or through a Place Autocomplete widget, include business_status in the
Place Search and Place Details both currently support a field called
permanently_closed, but it doesn’t distinguish between a business or location that is closed permanently or closed temporarily. An application that relies on the ability to distinguish between those values shouldn’t use it. Due to the potential for confusion, we strongly encourage developers to use
business_status instead. Since existing applications may be using
permanently_closed to determine whether a place is closed for any reason, the Places API will continue returning
permanently_closed as is.
Related field: opening_hours
If a business is operational, you may want to display its daily opening hours or indicate whether it is open now or at a specific time. For that information, use the field
Representing the physical world accurately
To keep up with a dynamic world, we work hard to keep our maps, roads, and places information up to date. We rely on information from governments and other authoritative sources, as well as businesses themselves, to surface temporary closures. Businesses can also mark their location as temporarily closed and update hours via Google My Business so that accurate business info appears in Google Maps, Search and the Places API.
Accurate business information can make the difference between a successful journey and a wasted trip–and ultimately, customer satisfaction. For more information on
business_status and related fields, please visit our documentation.